1 Peter 2:9 "But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light".
Previously I quoted 1 Peter 2:9 and showed how the highlighted words were defined by scripture as Israelites only. Peter wrote to Israelites.
1 Peter 1:1-2 "Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, to the strangers scattered throughout Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia, Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied."
In the above quote “strangers scattered” in the Greek means “resident foreigners of the dispersion”. These were Israelites who were dispersed by God to Assyria and Babylon and later escaped those captivities. In verse two scripture defines the word “elect”.
Isaiah 45:4a "For Jacob my servant's sake, and Israel mine elect, I have even called thee by thy name".
Foreknowledge is important and refers only to Israel.
Romans 8:29 "For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren."
The mention of the “sprinkling of the blood” of Jesus would only be understood by a people familiar with the Mosaic sacrifices now covered by Christ.
Peter also mentions inheritance, the prophets and old testament quotes, the significance of which would not be understood by any without a history in Israel.
1 Peter, as well as 2 Peter, was written to Israelites of the dispersion. The modern day Jews are not Israelites.